Reiki is a palm recovery technique developed in the first 1920s by Mikao Usui, a Japanese Buddhist. Like a form of alternative treatments, the technique involves moving ki, or healing energy through the laying of palms.
Reiki is generally divided into two traditions, traditional Japanese reikei and Western reikei. There are about three types of degrees in both Japanese and Western forms. These are the First, Second, and Master/Teacher certifications. Reiki classes and the teaching of the approach outside Japan are commonly organized according to the degrees listed above.
The Shoden or the First Degree reiki classes reiki distant attunement teach foundational theories and techniques. At this stage, the teacher gives the student numerous attunements. Hands placement positions that are most conducive for body treatment are taught. Completion of the Shoden permits the reiki practitioner to remedy himself and others. Typically the Reikei Master/Teacher determines the length and life long the course. Typical First Diploma reiki classes are four sessions spread over several of days, some hold two sessions over two days.
The Okuden or Next degree reiki classes teach practitioners the use of attunements, specialized symbols that enhances the ki’s strength and the length over which it can be applied. Typically the attunements create a provisional, provisory connection between the medical specialist and the recipient, hence, enabling the practitioner to transfer healing energy to the recipient regardless of time and location. At this time, a particular attunement that generally enhances the use of the specialized icons, in particular, the capacity of reiki to flow through the practitioner. Moving the Second Degree course successfully allows the student to practice “distant healing”. Reiki students in Japan attain the Second Degree after a decade or two of constant practice under Usui’s mentorship. A majority of Japan-based reiki students sometimes do not advance to the Third Degree.
The Shinpiden, or the master training stage prepares the college student to become a grasp at or to train reiki. In reiki parlance, the term ‘master’ does not entail spiritual enlightenment. Rather a practitioner at the Master/Teacher degree can modify other people to reiki as well as train other practitioners at the Third degree. It is during this stage that the practitioner learns an advanced specialized symbol and performs one or more attunements. The length of the Master/Teacher course will depend on the tradition and beliefs of the reiki grasp giving the training.
Reiki education or the teaching and practice of reiki is unregulated thus, there is much variation in training methodology and costs, and length and speed of completion. Classes are often taught in person but reiki classes are also available on line. Reiki followers often argue that attunement must be done individually to be effective. They will assert that distance reiki attunements and reiki “crash courses” are no substitutes for in-person training, experience and patience in mastering reiki.